2.1.1 The Mission of Pennsylvania’s Juvenile Justice System
The philosophy of Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ) serves as the foundation for the Juvenile Justice System in Pennsylvania, which directly supports the purpose/mission of the juvenile justice system as stated in Pennsylvania’s Juvenile Act:
"…to provide for children committing delinquent acts programs of supervision, care and rehabilitation which provide balanced attention to the protection of the community, the imposition of accountability for offenses committed and the development of competencies to enable children to become responsible and productive members of the community."
Balanced and Restorative Justice is rooted in the following principles:
Community Protection – the citizens of Pennsylvania have a right to safe and secure communities.
Accountability – In Pennsylvania, when a crime is committed by a juvenile, an obligation to the victim and the community is incurred.
Competency Development – Juveniles who come within the jurisdiction Pennsylvania’s juvenile justice system should leave the system more capable of being responsible and productive members of their communities.
Individualization – Each case referred to Pennsylvania’s juvenile justice system presents unique circumstances and the response by the system must therefore be individualized and based upon an assessment of all relevant information and factors.
Link to Pennsylvania’s Juvenile Act
2.1.2. Pennsylvania’s Juvenile Justice System Enhancement Strategy
As a national leader in juvenile justice, Pennsylvania has an ongoing commitment to improving its balanced and restorative justice outcomes through innovation and vision, strong partnerships at both the state and local levels, and cooperation with both public and private sector service providers.
Most recently, between 2005 and 2010, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation selected Pennsylvania as the first state in the country to participate in its Models for Change initiative. Virtually all components of Pennsylvania’s juvenile justice system were engaged, in some way, in system reform. Pennsylvania’s Models for Change reform efforts focused on three targeted areas of improvement: coordinating the mental health and juvenile justice systems, improving aftercare services and supports for youth and their families, and addressing disproportionate minority contact within the juvenile justice system. Models for Change accelerated the pace of Pennsylvania’s previous efforts at reform at both the state and local levels, and supported various evidence-based practices, such as the introduction of screening and assessment instruments. A number of juvenile probation departments began working toward implementing a valid and reliable risk/needs instrument, developing a case plan model to address the identified risks and needs, and providing targeted evidence-based interventions.
In June 2010, with the five-year commitment of the MacArthur Foundation drawing to a close, the Executive Committee of the Pennsylvania Council of Chief Juvenile Probation Officers and Juvenile Court Judges’ Commission (JCJC) staff agreed, at their annual strategic planning meeting, that the “Juvenile Justice System Enhancement Strategy” (JJSES) was needed, both to consolidate the gains of the previous five years “under one roof ”, and to develop strategies to sustain and enhance those efforts. Pennsylvania’s JJSES rests on two interlinked foundations: the best empirical research available in the field of juvenile justice and a set of core beliefs about how to put this research into practice.
These beliefs assert that:
• Children should be diverted from formal court processing whenever appropriate
• Meeting the needs of victims is an important goal of the juvenile justice system
• We need to develop and maintain strong partnerships with service providers
• We can, and should, do a better job of involving families in all that we do
To these ends, a JJSES coordinator was appointed, a leadership team was created, and The Carey Group, Inc. was retained to begin developing an implementation strategy. One year later, the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform at Georgetown University selected Berks County and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as one of four sites in the nation to participate in its Juvenile Justice System Improvement Project (JJSIP). The JJSIP assists states in improving outcomes for juvenile offenders by better translating knowledge on “what works” into everyday policy and practice—an approach very consistent with Pennsylvania’s JJSES. Pennsylvania intends to incorporate “lessons learned” from Berks County’s participation in the JJSIP into the statewide Juvenile Justice System Enhancement Strategy.
JJSES Statement of Purpose
We dedicate ourselves to working in partnership to enhance the capacity of Pennsylvania’s juvenile justice system to achieve its balanced and restorative justice mission by:
Employing evidence-based practices, with fidelity, at every stage of the juvenile justice process;
Collecting and analyzing the data necessary to measure the results of these efforts; and, with this knowledge,
Striving to continuously improve the quality of our decisions, services and programs.
Pennsylvania Council of Chief Juvenile Probation Officers
2.1.3. Pennsylvania Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services
Mission and Vision:
Every individual served by the Mental Health and Substance Abuse Service system will have the opportunity for growth, recovery and inclusion in their community, have access to culturally competent services and supports of their choice, and enjoy a quality of life that includes family members and friends.
Transform the children’s behavioral health system to a system that is family driven and youth guided.
Implement services and policies to support recovery and resiliency in the adult behavioral health system
Assure that behavioral health services and supports recognize and accommodate the unique needs of older adults.Guiding Principles:
The Mental Health and Substance Abuse Service System will provide quality services and supports that:
Facilitate recovery for adults and resiliency for children;
Are responsive to individuals’ unique strengths and needs throughout their lives;
Focus on prevention and early intervention;
Recognize, respect and accommodate differences as they relate to culture/ethnicity/race, religion, gender identity and sexual orientation;
Ensure individual human rights and eliminate discrimination and stigma;
Are provided in a comprehensive array by unifying programs and funding that build on natural and community supports unique to each individual and family;
Are developed, monitored and evaluated in partnership with consumers, families and advocates;
Represent collaboration with other agencies and service systems.
Link to Pennsylvania’s Mental Health Procedures Act